The history of architecture is nearly as long as humanity itself is, and most likely just as complex as well. Architecture’s exact origins date back to the Neolithic age or about 10,000 BC. This is when people abandoned living in caves and began to handle how they wanted their houses to feel and look. The type of architecture that we are currently discussing is often assessed visually and subject to the effects of ocular perception. However, the desire to design architectural artefacts was driven by a lot more than just wanting them to be aesthetically appealing.
It has been proven that architecture can be many different things, including vernacular, indexical, brutal, modern, elegant, comfortable, and more. However, one of the most interesting aspects of architecture is its ability to reflect time’s spirit in a way that might be even more significant than what occurs with art. The history of architecture parallels human history. It provides a strong material presence that provides the best physical evidence that we have of societal change that has occurred over time. If your looking for Architectural Services in Farnham then please see here.
The World History of Architecture – What Is Studied Today
If Churchill was right when he said that history is written by the victors, then the history of art and architecture also follow this same rule. Old buildings that can be seen and documented now are the ones from the most powerful and developed societies in history. They survived the millennia and are around to tell us how carefully they have been cared for overtime. With all of this in mind, it isn’t surprising that Roman architecture is among the best cared for ancient architectures in history, although it isn’t the oldest one. Buildings that were erected during antiquity and that are still preserved today varied in terms of their purpose. Therefore, we have remnants of buildings that were constructed for religious reasons, dedicated to gods, and sacral, and also secular ones that were designed for people. That also perfectly illustrates the nature of various histories. Old civilizations, interestingly enough, believed more strongly in the afterlife. Another major source of architectural design inspiration was preserving the body, and therefore some of the world’s oldest buildings are actually tombs (for example, the pyramids and Egyptian mastaba).
The Pyramid and the Ziggurat
When architectural history is discussed in chronological order it usually begins with the ziggurat, since it is among the most symbolic structures that were built in our history. That is partly due to the Tower of Babel, which is a myth that existing structures have been associated with (a ziggurat dedicated to Marduk, a Mesopotamian god). The huge, terraced structures were built for ritual purposes in Mesopotamia. They are considered typological predecessors of the genuine pyramids that were built at a later date. These structures were steeped and receded successively towards the sky. So the step pyramid or the ziggurat was frequently viewed as being a link between the sky and earth. That is how they were seen by our ancestors.
However, practically speaking, its fortress-like structure was perfect for protection purposes and to escape rising water levels as well. The Egyptians also were initially building step pyramids (check out Djoser’s pyramid that was constructed during Egypt’s Third Dynasty by Imhotep, one of the first-ever known architects). However, the Egyptian tomb’s form continued to progress. The three Giza pyramids illustrate the upgraded appearance, which was obtained in the Fourth Dynasty – including smooth sides, which people still tend to admire today. Stepped pyramids were also a part of Mayan and other types of Mesoamerican architecture. Typologically, their temples were reminiscent of the ones found in Mesopotamia (although they were constructed at a much later date).